Seville City - Churches

© Michelle Chaplow The Church of San Salvador, Seville.
Religious Monuments, Seville .

Seville Churches

Seville's parish churches display a fascinating variety of architectural styles. Several are converted mosques with belfries built over their minarets, others range through Mudejar and Gothic (sometimes in combination), Renaissance and Baroque. Most are kept locked except early in the morning, or in the evenings from about 7 pm until 10 pm - a promising time for a church crawl, especially as they're regularly interspersed with bars!

For good circuit make first towards Gothic San Pedro, where a marble tablet records Velazquez's baptism and San Marcos, with a fine minaret tower. Nearby, in this old cobbled part of town, is the fifteenth-century Convento de Santa Paula (Tues-Sunday) 10.30 am - 12.30 pm and 4.30 - 6.30 pm), its church decorated with a vivid ceramic facade and superb tile work, with an excellent museum containing fine artwork by Zurbaran and Riber among others. Further on you meet the last remaining stretch of Moorish city walls - remains of the Almoravid fortifications which once spanned 12 gates and 166 towers. Now there's only one gate, the Puerta Macarena, beside it a Basilica houses the city's cult image and patroness of matadors, La Esperanza Macarena, a tearful Virgin seated in the midst of gaudy magnificence.

IGLESIA DE SAN MARCOS

This 14th century church retains several Mudejar features, notably its Giralda-like tower (based on the minaret of an earlier mosque) and the decoration on the Gothic portal on Plaza de San Marcos. The restoration of the interior, gutted by fire in 1936, has highlighted unique horseshoe arches in the nave. A statue of St Mark with book and quill pen, attributed to Juan de Mesa, is in the far left corner. In the plaza at the back of the church is the Convento de Santa Isabel, founded in 1490. It became a women's prison in the 19th century. The church dates from 1609. Its baroque portal, facing onto Plaza de Santa Isabel, has a bas-relief of the Visitation sculpted by Andres de Ocampo.

IGLESIA DE SANTA CATALINA

Built on the former sight of a mosque, this 14th century church has a Mudejar tower modelled on La Giralda. Within the entrance is a surprisingly placed horseshoe arch. At the far end of the nave, the Capilla Sacramental is by Leonardo de Fugueroa while, on the right, the Capilla de la Exaltacion has a decorative ceiling which dates from around 1400.

IGLESIA DE SAN PEDRO

14th century Gothic Mudejar with later additions. There are three naves, the one on the right has a beautiful four sided chapel with a Mudejar ceiling dating from 1379. Dating from the 17th century, there are several paintings by the Sevillian painter, Zurbaran.

CONVENTO DE SANTA PAULA

Seville has many enclosed religious complexes, but few are accessible. This is one of them, a convent set up in 1475 and still home to 40 nuns. The public is welcome to enter through two different doors in the Calle Santa Paula. Knock on the brown one, marked number 11 to look at the convent museum. Steps lead to two galleries, crammed with religious paintings and artifacts. The windows of the second look onto the nuns' cloister. The nuns make a phenominal range of marmalades and jams which visitors may purchase in a room near the exit.

Ring the bell by the brick doorway nearby to visit the convent church, reached by crossing a meditative garden. Its portal vividly combines Gothic arches, Mudejar brickwork, Renaissance medallion and ceramics by the Italian artist, Niculoso Pisano. Inside the nave has an elaborate wooden roof and there are some fine statues here of St John the Evangelist and St John the Baptist.

Iglesia DEL Salvador

© Michelle Chaplow The Church of San Salvador, Seville.
The Church of San Salvador, Seville.

The Salvador church began construction in 1674 on the remains of Mezquita Mayor, which was the main mosque in Seville  from the 9th century. Architect Esteban Garcia originally began erecting the church, but it was left to Leonardo de Figueroa to complete in 1792. The architects incorporated the Arabian mosque’s Patio de Abluciones and basement into the design, and also added sculptures from Martínez Montañés and Juan de Mena. Today the plaza in front of the church, Plaza del Salvador, provides a popular meeting place and destination for both locals and visitors alike, with its various bars offering outside tables.