Geographical Terms - Glossary

On this page you will find a Glossary of geographical terms.

Aldea -

Small village or hamlet

Arroyo -

Stream / River

Baños -

Baths ( Roman )

Barra -

Sand Bar

Barranco -

Gully / Ravine / Cliffots

Cabeza -

Head / Top / Summit

Cabo -

Cape / Coastal point

Cañada -

Gully / Ravine

Canal -

Canal / Strait / Navigation channel / Pipe / Conduit

Caño -

Water channel or narrow river

Casa Forestal -

Forester's House ( Park House )

Castillo -

Castle

Chaparral -

Thicket of oaks

Charco -

Pool

Costa -

Coast

Coto -

Reserve

Coto Nacional -

National Reserve

Cruz -

Cross

Cuesta -

Hill / Slope

Cueva -

Cave

Desfiladero -

Gorge

Encinas -

Ilex / Holm Oaks

Ensenada -

Inlet / Cove

Ermita -

Hermitage

Estación -

Railway station

Estrecho -

Coastal Straits

Fabrica -

Factory

Faro -

Lighthouse

Fuente -

Fountain / Source

Garganta -

Ravine

Isla -

Island

Laguna -

Lagoon / Pool

Lucio de (Doñana) -

reed beds / clear channels

Marisma -

Marsh / Swamp

Minas -

Mines

Mirador -

Viewpoint

Monte / Montaña -

Mountain / Peak

Nuestra Señora -

Our Lady

Observatorio -

Observatory

Palomas -

Doves / Pigeons

Parque Natural -

Natural Park / Reserve

Parque Nacional -

National Park

Portillo -

Narrow Pass

Pozo -

Pool

Puerto de -

Port / Mountain Pass

Punta -

Coastal point

Rambla -

Watercourse or stream

Río -

River / Stream / Torrent

Ruinas Romanas -

Roman Ruins

Torre -

Tower

Salto -

Leap / Jump

Santuario -

Sanctuary / Shrine

Sierra -

Mountain Range

Tierra -

Land / Earth

Vado -

Ford ( of river )

Vega -

Fertile plain

Venta -

Country Inn

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