History - The Catholic Monarchs


Isabel and Ferdinand

Isabel 1 (of Castile and Leon) and Ferdinand II (of Aragon), better known as the Catholics Monarchs, were a marriage which united medieval Spain: the great houses of Castile and Aragon, which between them controlled vast tracts of the peninsula. You can see references to these monarchs all over Andalucia, as their reign marked a key turning point in Spain's history, its fortunes and its power. They reconquered Granada from the Nasrids in 1492. This was the same year Columbus sailed to the New World.They are buried in the Royal Chapel of Granada Cathedral.

1500's - Wealth for Andalucia

The 1500s were a period of great wealth for Andalucia, with riches - gold, silver, spices, new exotic foods - brought back from the newly conquered colonies in South America. Andalucia became an important trading area, with Seville being Spain's largest city. Seville held the monopoly on trade from the New World for two centuries; Cadiz (sacked by the English in 1596), Malaga, and Almeria were also key ports.

Joanna  1504 - 1516

Joanna (6 November 1479 – 12 April 1555), known historically as Joanna the Mad (Spanish: Juana la Loca), was Queen of Castile from 1504, and of Aragon from 1516. Modern Spain evolved from the union of these two crowns. Joanna was married by arrangement to Philip the Handsome, Archduke of the House of Habsburg, on 20 October 1496. In 1500, following the deaths of her brother, Don Juan, her elder sister, and her nephew, Joanna became the undisputed heiress to the crowns of Castile and Aragon. When Queen Isabella I died in 1504, Joanna, became Queen of Castile, while her father, the King of Aragon, proclaimed himself 'Governor and Administrator of Castile'. In 1506 Archduke Philip became King of Castile jure uxoris, initiating the rule of the Habsburgs in Spain, and died that same year. Though legally Queen of Castile she was declared insane and imprisoned in Tordesillas under the orders of her father, Ferdinand II of Aragon, who ruled as regent until his death, when she inherited his kingdom as well. From 1516, when her son, Charles I ruled as king, she was nominally co-monarch but remained imprisoned until her death. | Wikipedia CC-BY-SA


Important buildings from this period include Mudejar, Gothic and Renaissance masterpieces: