Southern Hills - Aguilar de la Frontera

Aguilar de la Frontera

Aguilar de la Frontera is a very pretty small town of approximately 13 thousand inhabitants and can be easily bypassed if one is travelling on the N331 linking Cordoba to Antequera. However, it is certainly worth taking a detour for, particularly when considering the interesting history and architecture of the town. For example, at the centre is a striking and unusual eight-sided plaza which is flanked by some impressive historic buildings. For the best views in town, head for the Peñon de Moro which is the site of the old castle and has wonderful panoramic views over Aguilar and the surrounding countryside.



Plaza de San José

This eight-sided plaza dates back to 1813 when it was designed by the well-known Salamanca architect, Vincente Gutierrez. The style is best described as a cross between Baroque and Neo-Classical and apparently served as the inspiration for the magnificent plaza of Archidona.

Las Descalzas Convent

Founded in 1671, this convent is an excellent example of local Baroque architecture, and is decorated with impressive paintings, plasterwork and carvings.

Clock Tower

The striking clock tower is a well-known and recognised symbol of the town which reflects traditional Baroque style architecture and was completed in 1671.

Mansion Houses

There are some magnificent and gracious mansions in the town, some of the most impressive are situated in Calle Morelejo and Calle Carrera. These are guarded behind large wooden doors decorated with elaborate wrought-iron carvings.

Soterraño Church

Located just outside the castle walls is the fascinating Soterraño Church. The original building dates from medieval times and was replaced in 1530 by a spacious Gothic Mudejar building designed by Hernan Ruiz the elder. Steeped in rich architectural tradition, within the church are two Baroque chapels: El Sagrario, built in 1639 and Jesus Nazareno which dates back to 1730. According to local legend, it was during the construction works of 1530 that a holy image appeared in the underground vaults which in turn led to the current name of the church.


Located in a strategic high point of the village is Peñon de Moro; formerly a site of a ninth century castle. These days all that can be seen are parts of the fourteenth century walls.

Aguilar de la Frontera is well known for its ceramics, locally produced wine and olive oil. The most important annual fiestas held here are Semana Santa (Easter Week) and the Romería of Virgin de los Remedios, which takes place during the second week of June.

To the south of the village, close to the C329 highway in the direction of Puente Genil, is the Zonar Lagoon which is a protected natural area and home to a great many migratory birds throughout the year.

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