ANDALUCIA REGIONAL ELECTIONS
Andalucía has one of four regional parliaments that are permitted to call elections independently of municipal (local) elections, upon the decision of the current regional president to dissolve the parliament (the other regions that are permitted to do this are Galicia, Catalonia and País Vasco). The other 13 regions hold their local and regional elections together, on the fourth Sunday in May, in the year before a leap year.
The Andalucia regional elections, are to elect 109 diputados (deputies) to the Andalucia Parliament, one of three bodies of Andalucía that form the Junta de Andalucia. The deputados of the seated Parliament elect a President (who must be ratified by the King) who in turn forms 'Consejo de Gobierno'. The Andalucían parliament is based in the regional capital – Seville (currently in the old Hospital de las Cinco Llagas).
The Andalucía regional elections are held every four years. They have been haeld in 1982, 1986, 1990, 1994, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012 and 2015. The Andalucia election normally coincide with National election. 2012 and 2015 regional elections were held separately from the national elections. In 2012 on the 25 March - the week preceding Semana Santaand in 2015 on 22 March two weeks befor Semana Santa.
The seats are divided by the D´Hondt method of proportional representation (the total votes cast for each party in the electoral constituency is divided first by 1, then 2, then 3, up to the total number of seats to be allocated for the constituency – in this case 109), and if more than five deputies from any one party (across all constituencies of the region) are elected, then they will form their own parliamentary group.
Only Spanish nationals are allowed to vote in the regional elections; EU nationals residing in Spain cannot take part in either these or national elections. They can, however, vote in the municipal and European elections.
The elections take place every four years and the Socialist party PSOE (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) (Spanish Socialist workers Party) have won all nine elections and formed governments since the creation of Andalucia in 1981. The president for much of this time (July 1990 to April 2009) was Manual Chaves Gonzalez who resigned to become deputy prime minister in the Madrid government of José Luis Zapatero. He was replaced by Antonio Griñan who also resigned in September 2013 in favor of Suzana Díaz who took up the post in 2013.
In 2012, there was nearly a change in government as the conservative PP (Partido Popular) under the long standing leadership of Javier Arenas obtained 47 seats just short of the 55 needed to from a majority government. The PSOE pacted with the IU (Izquerda Unida) the communist left wing to form a government, awarding the IU control of three conserarias (Ministries) the Vice President, Tourism, and Housing.
In 2015 the president, Susana Díaz broke of the pact with the communist stating ‘lack of confidence with the IU and instability' and called early elections for 22nd March 2015, rather than wait for a concurrence with the National elections or even the Municipals and other most Spanish regions on May 25th 2015.