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Baza - Archaeology

Archaeological sites in around Baza

There are several intersting Archaeological sites in around Baza including >Marzuela Arabic Baths, The Alcazaba, the Iberian/Roman City of Basti, the Iberian Necrópolis on Sanctuary Hill, and the Roman Villa in the town itself.

Throughout the municipality of Baza there are numerous archaeological digs and investigations dating back to Neolithic times and right up through the Middle Ages.

Baños Arabes de Marzuela
Recent archaeological excavations reveal that these Arabic Baths date back to the 13th century, during the Almohade era. This exceptional example of urban Arabic baths is in the ancient sector of Marzuela (currently known as the Santiago quarter). It is very well maintained and consists of the three main areas: the ‘bayt al-barid’ (cold room); the ‘bayt al-wastani’ (warm room) and the ‘bayt as’sajum’ (hot room). The recent excavations have allowed for the recovery of other original parts of the baths, such as the main entrance door or ‘maslaj’, amongst other things. The restoration continues and in the meantime, these are certainly considered one of the most authentic and complete Arabic Baths in Spain

The Alcazaba
Although today there are only parts of the protective walls and various watchtowers still standing, the Alcazaba of Baza was a force to be reckoned with in its day, to the point of being virtually impenetrable. It was built throughout the different times of occupation beginning in 11 th Century, with construction finishing in the 16 th Century during the time of the Christians. It is in the centre of the Historic Centre of the town, dominating the ancient Medina.

The Iberian / Roman City of Basti
At just three kilometres outside of the town of Baza is the site of the Iberian/Roman City of Basti. This was one of the main fortified cities in Spain, of such importance that it was given the name of what was then the whole of Eastern area of Andalucia, parts of Albacete and Murcia. It is thought to date as far back as 800 BC and was also later occupied by the Visigoths and the Byzantines. It was at the start of the Middle Ages that it was abandoned and the people moved to what is today the town of Baza.

Iberian Necrópolis, Sanctuary Hill
Near the site of the city of Basti, is this necropolis where, in 1971, the famous ‘Dama de Baza’ was discovered. As well as the ‘Dama’ herself, some 180 ancient tombs were excavated dated as far back as 600 BC.

Villa Romana
Within the town of Baza there has been the recent discovery of remains of a Roman estate. It is partly excavated and is situated next to the Alcribite (in Arabic ‘Azufre’) sulphur spring fountain.