History of Abrucena

HISTORY OF ABRUCENA

In surveys carried out in 1982 in El Castillejo, Neolithic ceramic remains were found. It is therefore presumed that a stable settlement existed on this plot between 7000 BC and 700 AC. The municipal term of Abrucena is situated in the old Bastetana region, which included the current provinces of Almería, Granada, Murcia and parts of Jaén and Albacete.

The name of Lauricius or Apricius corresponds to that of a Roman military post located in present-day Abrucena. In El Castillejo, along with the Neolithic ceramics, Roman glasses were found which, together with the Roman cistern, prove the existence of a stable settlement. The situation of Abula (Abla) is essential to study the Romanization of the area, since it was an important population of the Antonine Itinerary, a road that linked Castulone and Malaca (Málaga) through Acci (Guadix) and Abula.

The Christian religion arrived in the area during the first century at the hands of the Seven Apostolic Men who were consecrated in Rome by Saint Peter and Saint Paul to bring Christianity to Hispania. It is suggested that Saint Segundo introduced Christianity in the town. Following the Moorish invasion in 711, many Arabs, both Beledis and Syrians, settled in the area, whilst many Christians remained faithful to their religion.

A few years later, the Emir Abuljatar established himself with his troops in the region, forcing the Christians to give them a third of the land’s produce. This time was known as the Walatio, a period of moderate religious tolerance. With the arrival of the Umayyads, with Abd al-Rahman II, a time of intolerance and uprisings began between the different Muslim tribes motivated by economic and political interests. Around the year 900, insurrections took place throughout the area, from Guadix to Alhama, led by Omar ibn Hafsún. These rebellions were violently quelled by the caliphal troops of Abd al-Rahman.

During the Taifa and Nazarí Kingdoms, conflicts in the area persisted, but this time for different reasons. Abla, Abrucena and Fiñana are on the border between the Peyyna and Elvira coras. In addition, the road that connected Almería and Granada passed through the area (as it does today), so the region became a conflictive territory.

Pedro Mártir de Anglería, chronicler of the Catholic Monarchs, recounts in his letter to Cardinal Arembolo of Milan how, on his journey with the Kings to Almería, they received the news that Abrucena and other towns in the area had surrendered to the Christian Monarchs.

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