by Saskia Mier
Burguillos is a very suitable destination for people who love open air activities such as hiking, horse riding and hunting. The town, situated on the foothills of the Sierra Morena, has a varied landscape that visitors can enjoy. It has about 6400 inhabitants.
Archelogical remains of the lithic industry of a settlement have been found in the Burguillos area dating back to the Neolithic period.
In May 1982, a funeral stone called 'estela funeraria' found in Finca de la Nea, south of Burguillos, suggested life during the Bronze Age. The front seems to have a representation of human figures and a form of shield. Today the funeral stone is held in the Museo Archeológico de Sevilla in Room IV.
Burguillos has been occupied by Iberians, Tartessians, Phoenicians and Carthaginians up until the Roman Empire, who created a huge part of the Seville province. In 426 A.C. vandals under the direction of Gunderico destroyed any trace of the Roman Empire including Burguillos. It was not until 586 A.C. when the Visigoth King Recaredo took to the throne that Burguillos came to life again, and was given the name 'Burg' or 'Burgo', therefore Burguillos used meaning 'small village'.
The Moors conquered the Seville area in 712 A.C. until the eleventh and twelth centuries when it was conquered by the Almoravids, later by the Almohades in the thirteenth century. A necropolis with almlost 500 pits from the burriels of the Almohad army has been found north of Burguillos.
The French invasion caused devastation in 1808 and later in 1936 due to the Civil War. After the constitution in 1978, Burguillos formed itself once more as a village.
THINGS TO SEE
Iglesia de San Cristóbal Mártir
The Mudejar style church was built in 1508. In the eighteenth century, a part of it was closed for restoration by Ambrosio de Figueroa in 1774, José Alvarez, in 1775 and 1776, Pedro de Silva in 1777 and Antonio de Figueroa in 1779. Located on Calle Concepción de Osuna.
It was one of the great cereal cortijos in the area, located on the edge of the valley of the Guadalquivir River at the first foothills of Sierra Morena. However, the introduction of irrigation and modern production needs have put an end to most of the elements that gave it personality and identified its uses and functions. Located south of Burguillos.
Hunting has a major role in the gastronomy of Burguillos, in particular liebre con arroz (hare with rice), rabbit, caldereta (meat stew) and partridge. Other dishes also include gazpacho, migas (fried bread) and tagarninas (nettles). As for sweet treats, it is worth trying gañotes, pestiños, rosas, roscos and torrijas, all pastries covered in honey of sprinkled with sugar.
Celebrated in Febuary.
Medieval market celebrated at the beginning of March.
Celebrated in July.
Festividad de San Cristóbal Mártir
Celebrated on the 10 July.
Velá San Joaquín y Santa Ana
Celebarted end of July.
Festividad de Nuestra Señora de los Dolores
Celebrated on the 15 September.
Festividad de Nuestra Señora del Rosario Coronada
Celebrated 7 October.
Burguillos is located 26km from Seville. To get there, take the A-8009 leaving Seville. At the roundabout, take the 1st exit onto the A-8004 to San José de la Rinconada. At the 3rd roundabout, take the 3rd exit onto the A-8001 and continue onto La Rinconada. At the roundabout, take the 1st exit onto the A-8002 reaching Alcalá del Rio.After crossing the river, take the 1st exit at the roundabout onto the A-8006 and left onto the A-8002 north until you reach Burguillos.