MEN OF LETTERS
Capital of the Roman province Baetica (roughly the same area as Andalucia today), Cordoba was the birthplace of two Roman poets, Lucan and Seneca (the Younger; the less celebrated rhetorician Seneca the Older was also born here). Later, in the 12th century, Averroes, the renowned Muslim philosopher and polymath, was born here. He rose to become a judge in Seville, Cordoba and Morocco. His direct contemporary, friend and fellow Aristotle scholar, the Jewish philosopher-doctor-lawyer Maimonides, was chased out of Cordoba by the Almohads; he ended up in Cairo as leader of the Jewish community and court physician to the Sultan Saladin.