One of the best museums of its kind in Spain, located in the Maria Luisa Park and originally built as part of the 1929 exhibition. The focus is on the Romans, but there is also a prehistorical section which includes the Stone Age, Bronze Age and Iron Age. Later, the Phoenicians, the Greeks and the Carthaginians all traded and settled in what is now the province of Seville.
Be sure not to miss the Carambolo Treasure located in the section of the Phoenician colonisation. In 1958, workmen digging foundations for a new sports club found twenty one pieces of gold jewellery, including a necklace, bracelets and pieces from a crown dating from the 6th century. In the design, there are clear connections with the Orient, raising questions about who these people were who were the inhabitants of Andalucia all those thousands of years ago.
The basement here houses Paleothic artifacts and items, such as copies of the remarkable Tartessian Carambolo treasures. This hoard of 6th century BC gold jewellery was discovered near Seville in 1958.
The main galleries are upstairs and are devoted to the Roman era with statues and fragments rescued from the nearby ancient site of Italica. Highlights include a third century BC mosaic from Ecija and sculptures of local born emperors, Trajan and Hadrian. The rooms continue to Moorish Spain via Palaeo-Christian sarucophagi. Visigothic relics and artifacts discovered at Medina Azahara.