Proof of Residence
The Royal Decree 240/2007 was passed in March 2007
According to the ROYAL DECREE 240/2007, the following persons may reside in Spain without proof of Residence:
*Citizens of Members States of the EU (Germany, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Cyprus, Denmark, Spain, Finland, France, Greece, Holland, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Luxemburg, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Portugal, Poland, United Kingdom and Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden) or countries, which are part of the European Economic Area Agreement (EEA)(Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Switzerland) who are employed or self employed or who are entitled to the right to reside permanently.
This also applies to the above mentioned groups’:
*common law partner
If you do not fall into one of the above categories, you must apply for a Spanish residence permit. Check with the Ministry of the Interior for information regarding current requirements.
The Residence Certificate
The Royal Decree 240/2007 also requires that all EU citzens planning to reside in Spain for more than 3 months should register for a Residence Certificate at the local Oficina de Extranjeros.
How to Apply for a Residence Certificate
Applications for Residence Certificates are made for at the local Foreigners Office (Oficina de Extranjeros) or local police station in the province of intended residence. This must be done with three months of entering Spain.
You will be asked to present a valid passport, complete an application form and pay a small fee.
Under new rules, as of the 10th July 2012, EU citzens applying for a Residence Certificate may be asked for proof of sufficient financial means to support themselves (and any dependents) and evidence of private or public healthcare insurance.
Once registered you will be issued with a Residence Certificate stating your name, address, nationality, NIE number (Número de Identificación Extranjeros – Foreign Resident Identification Number) and date of registration.
For more updated information on the paperwork required, see the Ministerio del Interior website and the ´British Embassy in Spain` website (for British Citzens and EU nationals).
Up until 2007, a residence card (Residencia) used to be required by anyone wishing to live in Spain more than six months out of the year. This system is no longer used. Now, those wishing to reside in Spain for a period longer than 3 months must register for a Residence Certificate at the local police station or Oficina de Extranjeros.
Contrary to what some people believe, irrespective of whether you have the new style residence paper or not, if you remain in Spain for more than 182 days in a calendar year you will be regarded as a resident for tax purposes, thus liable to pay income tax on your world-wide income.