by Saskia Mier
Añora offers many striking features, one of which is the typical casa de tira. There are many of these in the village centre alongside some of its other main features. The village has about 1,500 inhabitants.
Añora was founded as a dependent village of Torremilano at the end of the fourteenth century and obtained the title of independent villa in 1553 after being part of the Seven Villas of the Pedroches Valley, along with Pedroche, Torremilano, Torrecampo, Pozoblanco, Alcaracejos and Villanueva de Córdoba. From 1660 to 1747 these villas formed the Marquesado del Carpio.
Until the beginning of the twentieth century, their respective municipal terms were not delimited, with this eventually beingachieved byMarcos Rodríguez Pantoja, who was born in Añora and as a boy lived alone in the Sierra de Cardeña y Montoro Natural Park within Sierra Morena. Córdoba film director Gerardo Olivares directed the film "Between Wolves", telling the story of the boy.
In the 1936 elections, Antonio Muñoz Morenowas appointed Mayorby the Republican Left Party, a position he had to leave at the beginning of 1939 to join the Republican Army. Once the Civil War was over he voluntarily submitted to the corresponding authorities, and was arrested and shot on 9 November 1939 in Peñarroya-Pueblonuevo del Terrible.
THING TO SEE
Ermita de San Pedro
The chapel dates to the end of the fourteenth century and beginning of the fifteenth century. The brickwork floor is the work of the seventeenth century, as seen printed into a brickreading the year 1694. In the 80's of the twentieth century, the chapel was restored. Located on Calle San Pedro.
Ermita Virgen de la Peña
The chapel dates from the eighteenth century, although it is more than likely that it is built on an ancient temple, as it seems to corroborate its lateral Gothic entrance. At the beginning of the twentieth century the hermitage was subject to frequent repairs and the perimeter walls were widened in 1917. The site contains a well, built in 1919, to replace another one in dilapidated condition. During the Civil War, the hermitage served as an intendancy warehouse and an anti-aircraft shelter, located under the altar of the Virgin. Located on Calle de la Vírgen de los Desamparados.
Ermita de San Martín de Tours
In 1996 construction of the chapel began in close collaboration with the Brotherhood. Its location in the middle of nature is a good example of a meadow ecosystem, with several interesting representations of the Mediterranean forest and scrubland. Three hiking routes allow you to enjoy the surroundings. Located about three kilometres from Añora, in Parque San Martín.
Iglesia de San Sebastián
The church dates from the mid sixteenth century and already existed in 1589, the year in which it appears in a document of General Visits of the Bishop of Córdoba. In 1591 part of the tower was repaired, by order of the Bishop of Córdoba.It is, however, during the period between 1672 and 1774 when the church acquired its current form, except for minor subsequent repairs. The tower was built following the Mudejar style imposed by the church of Santa Eufemia in the Sierra. During the Civil War the Church suffered damage, including the main altarpiece that was destroyed and later replaced by another one. Located on Calle Cantarranas.
The Town Hall was inaugurated at the end of 2004 after the restoration carried out by the General Directorate of Architecture and Housing of the Department of Public Works and Transport of the Junta de Andalucía under the direction of the team formed by architectIsabel María Vera Rodríguez and technical architect José Antonio Castro Castro. Located in Plaza de la Iglesia.
Casa de Tiras
The houses known as Casas de Tiras, of Noriega civil architecture, areusually very low in height with their well preserved characteristics including granite stone façades highlighted by white strips.Located on Calle Virgen, Calle San Pedro, Calle Córdoba and Calle Río Jordan.
Due to the strong ceramic influence in Añora, many of the small installations primarily used to make ceramic tiles during the first half of the twentieth century still exist today around the town. Two are especially well preserved, El Tejar de Abajo and El Tejar de Santa Cruz.
THINGS TO SEE OUTSIDE THE VILLAGE
Puente de la DehesaThe Roman Bridge owes its name to the nearby Dehesa de la Vera and is situated on the Guadarramilla River. It was rebuilt in the eighteenth century. Located south of Añora, on the CP-310.
Walking is a very popular activity in the area with many different routes to suit all tastes. It is highly recommended to go in spring, autumn and winter, avoiding the hot summer months. Many of the proposed itineraries run between magnificent granite fences, scrubland in some areas and grazing animals.The routes in the area are:Ruta de La Dehesa de la Vera, Ruta de las Encinas Centenarias, Ruta del Tejar de Santa Cruz, Ruta de la Cuesta del Pozo, Ruta del Pozo de la Torre, Ruta de La Losilla, Ruta del Puente de la Dehesa and Ruta del Chorilla, which has two parts to it.
Although in Añora the Iberican pig plays a huge centre part in their gastronomy, there are other local dishes that you can try when visiting including: albóndigas noriegas (meatballs), relleno noriego (the same mixture used to make the meatballs is mixed with egg and made into a sausage), gazpachuelo (gazpacho with the addition of meat and eggs), ajo (liver stock with fried bread) and rim-ram (roast peppers with egg). Sweet treats include perrunas,hojuelas (sweet pastries) and rosquillos de los tres pesos (brioche).
The traditional craft still produced in Añora is stonework.
Cabalgata Reyes Magos
Three Kings procession celebrated on the evening of 5 January.
Celerated on 17 January.
Celebrated on 2 February.
Celebrated in February.
Día de los Hornazos
Celebrated on Easter Monday.
Celebrated on 19 March.
Fiesta de la Cruz
Celebrated the first weekend of May.
Celebrated one weekend during the first two weeks of July.
Feria de Agosto
Celebrated from 23-27 August.
Día de la Virgen
Celebrated the second weekend of September.
Celebrated on 11 November.
Celebrated on 13 December.