Christmas in Andalucia

The Christmas Season in Andalucia  © Michelle Chaplow
The Christmas Season in Andalucia

Christmas in Andalucia

If you’re expecting Christmas in Andalucia to be somewhat like it is back home, you’re in for a surprise. Everything from the beginning to the end of the season is going to be different from anything you’ve ever experienced before.

The Christmas season here starts much later than those from northern Europe and North America might expect. The smell of chestnuts roasting over fires tended by street vendors will begin to waft past you as of November, and that will continue until the Three Kings make their visit to local homes in January. However, the season doesn’t really kick off until Christmas Eve.



Small shops and large commercial centres will begin to deck themselves out in Christmas gear at the beginning of December, but this is deceiving. With so many local families still waiting to exchange gifts until the Three Kings arrive on January 6th, there’s no hurry to buy.

And if shopping is what you’re worried about, be sure that you can find all kinds of beautiful gifts “Made in Andalucia” as local industries churn out their wares and artisans from each province specialise in different types of handicrafts.

Tree or "Belen?"

In Andalucia, as in the rest of Spain, there is a bit of a debate regarding how deeply foreign Christmas customs should be allowed to take root. This debate mainly centres on who should be allowed to bring the gifts: Father Christmas or the Three Kings? Traditionalists have it clear that the Kings should maintain their post and that Santa Claus had better watch where he treads. This however, does not stop millions of families from allowing “Papá Noel” to sneak past the sentinels.

A lesser discussed issue is the competition between the Christmas tree and the nativity scene, called a “Belén” (Bethlehem) in Spanish. You can be sure that in most homes here the manger scene will feature more prominently and be treated with greater tender loving care than the tree will ever hope to see.

The nativity is often a surprisingly large collection of pieces that have been lovingly gathered over the years. At Christmas time, these scenes are brought out at homes, schools and workplaces across the region of Andalucia and assembled with great excitement and care. It is not uncommon for families, staff at companies and especially teachers and students to actually build a structure of some kind in order to then set up the entire town of Bethlehem, with Mary, Joseph and baby Jesus tucked into their manger scene somewhere amongst the vast, sprawling scenery.

From the 1st of December the Christmas decorations appear. © Michelle Chaplow
From the 1st of December the Christmas decorations appear.

The Flavours of Christmas

Traditional Christmas fare in Andalucia will vary from home to home, but it is the rare house that will be without an entire leg of cured ham – jamón. The humblest homes might splurge on a Serrano ham while those with more spending power will very likely opt for a leg of “pata negra”, which some believe to be the very best cured ham on the planet. These hams are served in thin slices as appetisers and also used to add a special flourish to soups, for example.

Special family dinners throughout the season generally begin with a selection of smoked salmon, pates, cured meats and special cheeses. The main course could consist of roast lamb or turkey. Seafood is also high on the list with platter after platter of cold boiled prawns served with homemade mayonnaise and cocktail sauce. These could easily be followed by slices of prime rib for a good protein overdose.

Another essential is found in the sweets and pastries that load the shop shelves at Christmas. Turrones, made of Almonds and honey, are brought in from the region of Valencia, along with marzipan tarts, powdery “polverones” (dust balls) and other pastries from across the region and beyond, many backed by the names of convents that have gained prestige thanks to their famous recipes. It is quite common for shops, banks and other businesses to put out a plate of these sweets along with bottles of anis for clients to enjoy.

If you’d like to try your hand at making a Spanish Christmas pastry, why not try to make Roscos or Polverones? They’re relatively easy to make and you’ll find an authentic recipe. Not to be missed is the special “Three Kings’ Cake”, called a “Roscón de Reyes”, which is made of a sweet bread dough, topped with candied fruits and sugar and often filled with whipping cream or custard. Most important is the surprise that is baked inside for the children. According to some traditions, the one who gets the treat has to pay for the cake, while others believe that the lucky one then gets to wear the paper crown that comes with this special pastry.

Christmas with a Flare

Not everyone celebrates Christmas in the traditional way. More and more even locals are taking advantage of Christmas holidays to travel. You may find special offers at some hotels and rural getaways, and it is possible to enjoy special Christmas menus at many restaurants. However, it is highly recommendable that you book in advance as often this is the only way in. In areas like the Costa del Sol, where so many foreigners live, it’s also possible to find traditional Christmas dinners on offer from many different countries.

Snow in Andalucia, Sierra de Cazorla, Jaen. © Michelle Chaplow
Snow in Andalucia, Sierra de Cazorla, Jaen.

The Christmas Spirit

Finally, like everywhere in the world, Christmas is a time of giving and there are many wonderful local charities that appreciate the extra bit of help they generally get at Christmas. Some even need volunteers to help make the season festive for those they serve. It’s actually a wonderful way to make a difference and have a chance to mix with locals as you celebrate the season!


Mantecados de Estepa

The crumbly Christmas cookies collectively known as mantecados, which you will see in the months leading up to Christmas, individually wrapped and sold either by weight, or in a box, are made in a town located in the eastern part in Seville province, Estepa.

Christmas Shopping

An important part of the lead-up to Christmas for Andalucians involves one of their favourite pastimes - shopping. This isn't just about making purchases, whether gifts or food for one of the big family meals; it's about browsing, wandering through stores looking at things, discussing them - at length and in detail - with friends and family (jamon, decorations, belen figures, shoes, kitchen equipment) over coffee.

Christmas in Andalucia

If you’re expecting Christmas in Andalucia to be somewhat like it is back home, you’re in for a surprise. Everything from the beginning to the end of the season is going to be different from anything you’ve ever experienced before.


Christmas is not Andalucia´s biggest religious celebration - Semana Santa has that distinction. But it is nonetheless a big deal, with all the seasonal ambience, lights, markets, special food and other trappings. Every school, shop, office and home has a Nativity Scene.

Flamenco - Villancicos - Zambombas

The villancicos are also known by the name of zambombas in Andalucía, a name which comes from the instrument that is traditionally used to accompany them. A zambomba is a drum like instrument that has a stick inserted through the skin, and the stick is moved up and down, creating the rhythm.

Christmas of the Gypsies

Unlike most Spaniards, who focus their religious fervour on the Virgin Mary, the gypsies have always identified closely with Jesus, because, like them, he was a wanderer and had to rely on whatever pickings he could find, as he made his way through the world.

Christmas Pastries

Traditional Spanish Christmas pastries (of the non-"turrón" type) add a special touch to the holidays with their own distinct flavours - and textures! Here is a look at some of the most popular specialities. Once upon a time they were only available in December and January, but that is changing. Nevertheless, it's only during the holiday season that you'll see them in such large amounts. In fact, in most supermarkets you can even buy them in bulk.

See and Do

Living in Andalucia