Arts & Crafts - Architecture

In prehistoric times, Great Roman cities strode across Andalucia © M Chaplow
In prehistoric times, Great Roman cities strode across the region © M Chaplow


From the cities to the sierras, the rolling inland plains to its long and varied coastline, Andalucía has a wealth of architecture.


Dolmens are megalithic tombs dating back to 2500BC.  More >


Roman aqueducts, bridges and baths can be found throughout Andalucía. More > More >


The horseshoe arch was developed by the Moors and became the hallmark of their architecture. More >

Mudejar & Romanesque

The Mudejar and Romanesque architectural styles are heavily influenced by Spain's religious past and present. More >

Gothic & Renaissance

Classic Gothic architecture, overlapping with the mudéjar style, spread through Andalucía with the Reconquest. More >

Baroque & Neoclassicism

Baroque and Neoclassic architecture was prominent in Spain between the late 17th and mid 18th Century. More >


In prehistoric times the early inhabitants of Andalucía moved great boulders to shelter their dead. Great Roman cities and roads strode across the region, eventually paving the way for Al-Andalus and nearly eight centuries of unparalleled Moorish urban and agricultural construction.

During the Reconquest of Spain, the Moors continued to build in their own tradition under Christian rule giving rise to the Mudéjar style of architecture.

At the same time Gothic design was gradually being introduced from France and by the 13th century had begun to emerge in northern Andalucía.

From the 16th century there is still much evidence of the golden age of the Renaissance from which came the Plateresque style that is unique to Spain.

Delicate adornment gave way to the richly flowing extravagance of Baroque in the 17th and 18th centuries, followed by Neo-Classicism, a movement in the arts and architecture to return to the more classic lines of the past. T

his lasted until the end of the 19th century until Modernism became the dominant trend for industrial and corporate buildings, especially in the second half of the 20th century.

Historical civilisations are often recognised by their architectural accomplishments and cities and regions identified by their buildings and monuments. This is very true in Andalucía, a region rich in visible examples from every period throughout the ages, from the ancient dolmens in Antequera to the contemporary bridge over the Guadalquivir in Sevilla.