La Mojonera formed part of the Felix district until 1984. The principal economic activity here is the local production of confectionary, which is recognized throughout the region. The town has around 9000 inhabitants.
The segregation of the town from Felix took place on April 10, 1984. Its name comes from mojones (markers) which are placed to separate two zones, which suggests it may refer to the division of two Tahas in the Nasrid era, those of Dalías and Felix History. With the Christian conquest, the Taha of Dalías was handed over to Boabdil, but when he left for Africa, it became a realengo in 1493, and the Taha of Felix, with Enix and Vícar, passed into the jurisdiction of Almeria. Throughout the centuries, frequent conflicts arose between the two territories.
La Mojonera really emerged as an independent entity in the 1960s, with the construction, by the National Colonization Institute, of a town called Camponuevo del Caudillo, next to a small colony called La Mojonera. This settlement was carried out in three phases (1958, 1964 and 1967) and consisted of homes for settlers and farm workers, and community social services. Each settler was given two hectares, although three and a half had been stipulated.
An excess of chlorides meant that the local water supply was of very poor quality; this lead to disappointing crop yields, prompting the adoption of the sanding technique. With the boom of intensive greenhouse agriculture during the 70s, the town began to grow. Even the some of the inhabitants and services of Felix migrated to the newly formed La Mojonera.
THINGS TO SEE
Iglesia de la Virgen de la Fuensanta
This twentieth-century church was built in honor of the Virgin of Fuensanta. One of the most interesting decorative elements of the temple is a painting on the main altar by Luis Cañadas. The church is located on Plaza la Constitución.
Hotels in La Mojonera are scarce. Nearby towns and villages such as El Ejido and Roquetas de Mar provide accommodation options, including guesthouses, hostels, hotels and self-catering apartments, just a short drive away from this beautiful town.
The main traditional craft still practiced in the town is lace making, which is mostly done by groups of women in anticipation of local celebrations in June.
The stand-out traditional dishes in La Mojonera are the gurullos con conejo (pasta with rabbit), migas (fried bread with pork) and trigo pelado (chickpea stew). Confectionary and pastries are the real highlight, with delicious treats on offer such as pan de mosto (grape-juice bread) and tortos (cakes).
Popular festivities in La Mojonera are San Pedro and Virgen de Fátima. There is also a large Muslim community in the town, meaning that Ramadan is widely celebrated. More>