by Saskia Mier
Salteras was once inhabited during the prehistoric ages and also through Roman and Moorish civilizations, only being converted into a town after the Christian conquest. It has about 5,500 inhabitants.
During Roman denomination, the settlement was called Paesula. There is also evidence of Visigothic presence, consisting of funerary gravestones from the sixth century. During the Moorish era, the settlement became an alqueria. After the Re-conquista, Fernando III gave the settlement a title.
During the seventeenth century, Salteras was acquired by the Knight, Juan de Federegui. In 1641, Gaspar de Guzmán, Count-Duke of Olivares bought the town, but was finally acquired by, Luis Méndez de Haro, who in turn sold it to the Casa de Alba.
During the War of Independence, Francisca Pérez-Cerpa, became a heroine in Salteras, by the Cortes de Cadiz, granting her a life pension and military degree of colonel.
THINGS TO SEE
Iglesia Parroquial de Nuestra Señora de la Oliva
The church dates to the end of the fifteenth century and beginning of the sixteenth century, except the entrances, which date to the end of the sixteenth century and the tower, which was finalised in the seventeenth century. In 1717, Andrés de Silva made some repairs and in 1762, Marcos Lebrón, worked under the direction of, Pedro de Silva, to restore the central part. Located in Plaza de España.
Capilla de Nuestra Señora de la Oliva
The chapel dates to the second half of the seventeenth century but has been so reformed that it is not at all like the original. The lamp was made in 1772 by, Cárdenas y Amat. Located on Calle Nuestra Señora de la Oliva.
Museo de Cerámica de la Cartuja-Pickman
The Ceramics Museum of Cartuja-Pickman consists of a tour of the factory, where you can appreciate the entire production process and a view of pieces of great value. The collection was declared of Cultural Interest, started by the English merchant, Charles Pickman. The museum offers a selection of about 300 of the most artistic pieces, with the quality and designs being world-famous, worthy of important prizes obtained in international exhibitions celebrated between 1851 and 1940. Located on the N-630.
Hacienda El Mayorazgo
A traditional Andalusian farmhouse built in the seventeenth century and today known as the Casa de la Cultura. Located on Calle Hermanos Quintanilla Vazquez.
An Arabic fountain. Located 3km from Salteras within Finca La Alberquilla.
Cárcava del Chorrito
A park with a viewpoint overlooking the Sevillian valley with incredible panoramic views. It consists of five hectares, recreational areas and sports activities. It serves as starting point for a variety of different hiking and bicycle routes. Located on the SE-526 to Gerena.
Those keen walkers can enjoy some lovely walking around the area of Salteras, with routes including Camino del Pozo-Alberquilla, Ruta del Arroyo Riopudio and Ruta La Fuemblanca-Vereda Real.
Typical dishes made in Salteras include garbanzos con bacalao (chickpeas with cod), fritada de huevos y zorzales (fried eggs and wild birds) and arroz con liebre (rice with hare). One must not leave Salteras without trying the sweet treats, barcos de sidra (pastries filled with sweet pumpkin jam).
Cabalgata Reyes Magos
Three Kings procession celebrated on the evening of 5 January.
Fiestas en Honor de la Virgen de la Oliva and Feria del Asado y la Artesanía
Celebrated the first week of Febuary.
Celebrated in February.
Celebrated the 11-15 August.