SAN NICOLÁS DEL PUERTO
by Saskia Mier
San Nicolás del Puerto is another one of the province's natural havens. Home to two beautiful enclaves that have been declared natural monuments: Cascadas del Huesna and Cerro del Hierro. It is within the Sierra Norte de Sevilla Natural Park. This area is also known to be a good for rock climbing and potholing. It has about 620 inhabitants.
The origins of San Nicolás del Puerto go back to the Celts, who established here a settlement called 'Iporci'. These genuine inhabitants yielded before the arrival of later civilizations, and especially with the colonization undertaken by Rome on both sides of the Mediterranean.
The Romans left behind many features and archaeological sites. After Visigoth ruling, San Nicolás del Puerto passed into the hands of the conquering Moors in the eighth century. The Arabs exploited silver mines, bringing fame to the village. They also built a great fortress, whose remains of a tower still stand today. The area became Christian in the thirteenth century.
In 1594 it became part of the Kingdom of Seville in the Sierra Norte de Sevilla.
The famous religious figure San Diego de Alcalá, a saint for the Catholic Church, was born here, so named for spending part of his life and eventually died in Alcalá de Henares. He was a missionary in the Canary Islands where he came to occupy the post of guardian of the convent. He was canonized by Pope Sixtus V in 1588 in the only canonization made by the Catholic Church during the sixteenth century.
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THINGS TO SEE
Ermita de San Diego
The chapel was built in the fifteenth century, with popular Mudejar style. Inside is an image of San Diego, the work of Castillo Lastrucci in the twentieth century. Located on the road following Calle Calvario.
Iglesia de San Sebastián
Mudéjar church built in the fifteenth century, with remains of a column of Corinthian style and in its interior is a baptismal font recovered from a ruined church that was located in what today is known as the Vega de Huéznar. Loacted on Plaza de España.
Roman bridge built over the Arroyo de los Parrales. Located in Calle Galidón.
THINGS TO SEE OUTSIDE THE VILLAGE
Cascadas del Huéznar
In the middle section of the Ribera del Huéznar, there is a system of waterfalls surrounding by beautiful landscape. Located on the SE-7101.
Cerro del Hierro
An impressive landscape of capricious forms caused by erosion, including large hollowed out rocks and tunnels. It is a habitat for unique plant species in the area, as well as birds like the griffon vulture, black stork and imperial eagle, among others. An ideal place to practice abseiling, climbing and caving. Located on Calle Cerro del Hierro. More>
Dishes worth trying in San Nicolás del Puerto include gazpacho con conejo (rabbit with gazpacho), migas con sardinas (fried bread with sardines), caldereta de chivo (goat stew), conejo asado (roast rabbit), huevos cocidos (eggs), caldereta de venado (venison stew) and trucha (trout). Sweet treats include honey pastries such as roscos and pestiños.
Cabalgata Reyes Magos
Three Kings procession celebrated on the evening of 5 January.
Celebrated in February.
Día de Andalucía
Celebrated the 28 February.
Romería en Honor a San Diego
Celebrated the second Sunday of May.
Celebrated the 11 May.
Noche del Terror
Celebrated the second weekend of July.
Feria y Fiestas de San Nicolás del Puerto
Celebrated from 24-26 July.
Celebrated from 10-16 August.
Festividad de San Diego
Celebrated the 13 November.
Festividad de Santa Bárbara
Celebrated the 6 December.