AVE train sets:
Class 102, built by Talgo of Madrid with Adranz (now Bombardier) power car technology since 2005. The 2 power and 12 passenger car train has earned the nickname 'pato' (duck) from the aerodynamic shape of the fronts. Each set consist of 6 tourist coaches (four seats wide), 3 preferente coaches (three seats wide), and 2 club (three seats wide) coaches and a cafe car. Passenger capacity is 302 seats. Powered by eight 1,300 horsepower motors the sets have an intended top speed of 330 km/hr. The record of 364 km/hr was acheived in trails in June 2004. Since May 2007 the trains travel with a target top speed of 300 km/h.
Class 112 is a very similar later edition of the Clas 102. RENFE's original order in 2004 was for 16 series units, delivery of which began in 2004. A follow-up order for 30 similar trains was delivered in 2008-2010. Pasenger capacity is increased to 359 by removing club seating in favour of tourist coaches.
Class 103, built by Seimens of Germany within their Valero range since 2006. The 8 car sets incorporate driver and passenger integrated cars at either end. Four of the eight cars have underfloor power units with two powered bogies each. They were ordered primarily for the Madrid - Barcelona route, however the distributed power system has proved effecient for inclines and thus, they have also be allocated to the Madrid - Malaga route. They are certified to run at 350 km/hr, and in a trial on 16 July 2006 one reached 403,7 km/hr (a rail speed record for Spain and a world record for a non modified unit). Renfe have 26 Class 103 AVE units.
Class 100, built by Alstrom of France as a variation of their TGV technology and were the first to be introduced to Spain in 1992 for the Madrid - Seville route.The entire fleet was refurbished in 2007. The sets are made up of two power cars with two motorised bogies each and eight passenger cars with shared bogies. In trails it reached 356 km/hr. The units are also now used on the Avant fast medium distance services.