Phone and broadband internet connection is now commonplace in the large cities and in the highly populated coasted areas of Andalucia. However, there are still some far-flung rural areas where internet and even land line connection is not guaranteed. Telefónica, Spanish equivalent of BT, is the main national land line provider (with around 90% of the market share in Spain) and may be unable to provide a phone line in certain isolated regions where there is a lack of infrastructure. Furthermore, in many rural regions, although there may be land lines, there might still be problems with broadband internet connections. This situation has improved greatly but there are still sometimes problem areas.
When Telefónica was a state-owned monopoly, it was bound by law to provide a line for any member of the public who applied for phone connection. This is no longer so and now land lines are provided subject to regional availability. This is an important point to bear in mind if you are considering living, working, or setting up a business in a remote part of Andalucia. Contact Telefónica to check it out the phone line and internet connection status before you buy.
There are other ways of staying in contact, via WiFi, GPRS/G3, and satellite links. You can now also connect using a mobile telephone modem which is available through any of the many mobile phone companies in Spain. Such a system will not come as cheaply as regular broadband service so be sure to shop around and also to check out the local reception before you buy.